( New Jersey Based )
By: Russell S. Pickett

     The earliest known member of my Mettler (Metler) family tree is my Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great Grandfather "Johann George Mettler (1)" who was born in April 2, 1696 presumably in Holland. Efforts to establish who his parents were have been futile up to this point.
      For ease of identification within this document each family member has a number that is referenced through this entire document.   That is, "Johann" is number (1), since he is the oldest known family member, his first child Marie is number (2), his 2nd child Johann is number (3), and so on.....   An " * " after the family member's number denotes that I have further information about them displayed later in this document.   The family member's whose names are shown in "Marroon" letters are my direct ancestors and other family members names are shown in "Purple".
      Within this document I also use the "Find A Grave" website which links to where each family member who has passed away is interred and displays an individual online memorial for them.   You can actually also leave notes and flowers for each person if you'd like.   If you'd like to access the "Find A Grave" site to learn more about this project and build memorials for your loved ones please click below:

      Anyone that has information or questions on my Mettler family line please feel free to "e-mail me".   Thanks, and I hope you enjoy the below "Mettler Family History".

Other Surnames within this family tree include:

Allen, Anders, Bloom, Duckworth, Halsey, Hann, Hoppock, Kitchen, Kitchin, Johanna, Johnson, Leanter, Rittenhouse, Runyon (Runyan), Seigle, Slick, Warford, Wilson, Worman.



Johann George Mettler, (1)

      Johann, (1) is the senior member known of this family.   He was born on April 2, 1696 presumably in Holland.   He married "Ann Johanna" who was born in 1700 also presumably in Holland.
      Together they immigrated to America on the ship "James Goodwill" which set sail from Rotterdam and arrived in Philadelphia, Pa. on September 11, 1728.   They first settled in New York City and prior to 1736 they moved to Rockaway Valley, Hunterdon County, NJ.
      Johann, (1) passed away on May 26, 1745 and Ann passed away on March 23, 1777.   It is unknown where either of them is interred.   They had 9 known children together.

  2.   Marie Catherine Mettler  -  b. Apr 2, 1722, d. Sep 12, 1777
  3. *Johann Philip Mettler  -  b. Sep 28, 1724, d. 1783
  4.   Ann Elizabeth Mettler  -  b. Feb 24, 1727, d. ??
  5.   Johann George Mettler, Jr.  -  b. May 5, 1729, d. Mar 17, 1735
  6.   Franciscus Mettler  -  b. Dec 1, 1731, d. 1794
  7.   Johann Erwin Mettler  -  b. Jan 12, 1734, d. 1736
  8.   Anna Maria Mettler  -  b. Jan 16, 1737, d. ??
  9.   Johann Henry Mettler  -  b. Aug 5, 1741, d. ??
10.   William Mettler  -  b. 1743, d. 1840
Family Notes:   Marie (2), Johann (3), and Ann (4) were all born presumably in Holland.   The rest of the children were all born in America.   "William" (10) married "Catherine _____".



Johann Philip Mettler, (3)

      Johann, (3) was born the 2nd child and 1st son of Johann George and Ann (Johanna) Mettler on September 28, 1724 presumably in Holland. He immigrated with his parent from Rotterdam, Holland to America arriving on September 11, 1728 on the ship "James Goodwill" in Philadelphia, Pa.   He married "Ann _____".   Her parent's names and her dates are currently unknown.
      He and his wife lived in Alexandria Township, Hunterdon County, NJ.   Johann served as a "Captain in the Third Regiment of the Hunterdon County Regulars during the Revolutionary War".   Johann passed away on December 2, 1783 and was interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ.   It is unknown when Ann passed away or where she was interred.   They had 16 known children together.

11.   William Mettler  -  b. ca. 1746, d. ??
12.   George Mettler  -  b. ca. 1748, d. ??
13.   Elizabeth Mettler  -  b. ca. 1750, d. ??
14.   John Mettler  -  b. Oct 6, 1752, d. Nov 8, 1831
15.   Nancy Mettler  -  b. ca. 1753, d. ??
16.  *James Mettler  -  b. May 2, 1754, d. Jul 11, 1830
17.  *Mary Ann Mettler  -  b. Feb 8, 1756, d. Aug 4, 1827
18.   George Mettler  -  b. 1757, d. Jan 17, 1831
19.   Sarah Mettler  -  b. ca. 1759, d. ??
20.   Henry Mettler  -  b. Feb 27, 1761, d. Sep 26, 1827
21.   Philip Mettler  -  b. 1763, d. ??
22.   Catherine Mettler  -  b. ca. 1765, d. ??
23.   Hannah Mettler  -  b. ca. 1767, d. ??
24.   Benjamin Mettler  -  b. ca. 1769, d. ??
25.   Rebecca Mettler  -  b. 1772, d. 1842
26.   Isaac Mettler  -  b. ca. 1774, d. ??
Family Notes:   All the children, other than William (11) dropped one of the "t's" in their last name according to the records.   It is unknown why they did so however for clarity they are all shown with two "tt's".   George (12) died young.   Elizabeth (13) married a "Hann".   John (14) married "Mary _____".   Nancy (15) married "Paul Clover".   George (18) married a "Leanter".   Nothing further is known about Sarah (19).   Henry (20) married "Elizabeth _____" and when they died were both interred in Klinesgrove, Pa.   Philip (21) married "Mary Allen".   Catherine (22) married a "Anders".   Nothing further is known about Benjamin (24).   Rebecca (25) married "William Slick" and was his 2nd wife.   Nothing further is known about Isaac (26).

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Johann Philip Mettler (3)"



James Mettler, (16)

      James, (16) was born the son of Johann Philip (3) and Ann (_____) Mettler on May 2, 1754 in New Jersey. He married "Elizabeth _____" and they were known to be Presbyterians.
      He passed away on July 11, 1830 and was interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ. His wife passed away on February 12, 1839 and was interred along side of her husband.   They had 8 known children together.

27.  Margaret Mettler
28. *Joseph Mettler  -  b. Nov 12, 1784, d. Oct 16, 1843
29. *Permelia Mettler  -  b. May 5, 1787, d. Jul 14, 1868
30.  Abraham Mettler  -  b. ca. 1788, d. Aug, 1877
31.  Rhana Mettler  -  b. ca. 1790, d. ??
32.  Rhoda Mettler  -  b. ca. 1792, d. Nov 28, 1836
33.  Charity Mettler  -  b. ca. 1794, d. May 9, 1884
34.  Susannah Mettler  -  b. ca. 1797, d. ??
Family Notes:   Margaret (27) married "Isaac Kitchin" on December 14, 1800 in Hunterdon County, NJ.   Abraham (30) was baptisted on February 23, 1789 and he married "Thisbe _____".   When they both passed away they were interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ.   Rhana (31) married "Wesley Johnson" and she was baptisted on January 8, 1791.   Rhoda (32) was baptisted on January 7, 1793 and she married "David Warford".   When they died they were both interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ.   Charity (33) was baptisted on February 7, 1795 and she married "William Duckworth".   Susannah (34) was baptisted on April 6, 1797 and died prior to 1830.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"James Mettler (16)"   -   "Elizabeth Mettler"   -   "Abraham Mettler (30)"   -   "Thisbe Mettler"
"David Warford"   -   "Rhoda Mettler Warford (32)"



Mary Ann Mettler, (17)

      Mary, (17) was born the daughter of Johann Philip (3) and Ann (_____) Mettler on February 8, 1756 in Hunterdon Cty, New Jersey.  She married "William Bloom" who was born in Neuwied, Rhine Valley, Wurtenberg, Germany on February 26, 1752 the son of John Peter Blum and Eva Ann Wagner.
      Mary (17) passed away on August 4, 1827 in Pike Twp., Clearfield County, PA. and was interred in the McClure Cemetery in Curwensville, Pa.  William passed away on May 4, 1828 and was interred next to his wife.  Together they had 11 known children.

35.  Anna Bloom  -  b. Oct 31, 1778, d. ??
36.  Isaac Bloom  -  b. Aug 10, 1780, d. Feb 8, 1859
37.  William Bloom Jr.  -  b. Aug 17, 1782, d. Aug 12, 1871
38.  Elizabeth Bloom  -  b. Aug 22, 1784, d. ??
39.  John R. Bloom  -  b. Jan 25, 1786, d. Jun 30, 1872
40.  Peter Bloom  -  b. Feb 7, 1789, d. May 27, 1840
41.  Benjamin Bloom Sr.  -  b. Dec 30, 1788, d. Aug 13, 1877
42.  Mary Bloom  -  b. Sep 25, 1792, d. ??
43.  Abraham Bloom  -  b. Apr 13, 1795, d. ??
44.  Sarah "Sally" Bloom  -  b. Jun 30, 1796, d. ??
45.  James Bloom  -  b. Feb 28, 1798, d. Sep 16, 1866
Family Notes:   Anna (35), Isaac (36), William (37), Elizabeth (38), and John (39) were all born in Alexandria Twp., Hunterdon County, NJ. Peter (40), Benjamin (41), Mary (42), Abraham (43), Sarah (44), and James (45) were all born in Potter Twp., Centre County, PA.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"William Bloom"   -   "Mary Ann Mettler Bloom (17)"   -   "William Bloom, Jr. (37)"   -   "John R. Bloom (39)"
"Peter Bloom (40)"   -   "Benjamin Bloom (41)"



Joseph Mettler, (28)

      Joseph, (28) was born the son of James (16) and Elizabeth Mettler on November 12, 1784 in Alexandria Township, Hunterdon County, NJ. He married "Mary Allen" on September 22, 1808 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. She was born the daughter of Moses and Margaret (_____) Allen in 1790.
      Joseph (28) passed away on October 16, 1843 and was interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ. His wife Mary passed away on April 16, 1866 and was interred next to her husband. They had 12 children.

50.  Amy Mettler
51.  Johnston Mettler
52.  Joseph Mettler, Jr.
53.  Howell Mettler
54. *Elizabeth Mettler  -  b. May 10, 1816, d. Feb 20, 1887
55.  Allen Mettler  -  b. Apr 15, 1818, d. Mar 27, 1891
56.  Hadoran Mettler
57.  James Mettler
58. *Samuel Besson Mettler  -  b. 1831, d. ??
59.  Jane Mettler  -  b. 1830, d. ??
60.  Mary Mettler
61.  Almira Mettler  -  b. 1836, d. ??

Family Notes:   Amy (50) married "Samuel Wilson" who was the son of Joseph Wilson.   Allen (55) married "Rebecca Halsey".   Hadoran (56) kept a taveran on the site of the north end of Bloomsbury House.   Mary (60) married "Jacob Seigle" of Hughesville, NJ on December 2, 1847.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Joseph Mettler (28)"   -   "Mary (Allen) Mettler"



Permelia Mettler, (29)

      Permelia, (29) was born the daughter of James (16) and Elizabeth Mettler on May 5, 1787 in Alexandria Township, Hunterdon County, NJ.   She married "Johnson Runyan" (#34 of the Runyan Family History) on December 24, 1803.   He was born the son of Absolam and Winifret (Johnson) Runyan on January 19, 1782 in Kingwood Township, New Jersey.
      Johnson inherited 1/2 of his father Absolam's farm.   The other half going to his brother Thomas.   He later bought the other half from Thomas in 1814.   He was elected a Freeholder of Kingwood Township.   He later went bankrupt, according to the Hunterdon County Gazette of August 9, 1826, & lost the farm.   Johnson then bought the old homestead & farm of Johann Philip Mettler (3), grandfather of his wife Permelia (29) in Alexandria Township, New Jersey.   In 1830 he served as co-executor of the will of his father-in-law James (16).
      Johnson died on January 29, 1852 in Alexandria Township at the age of 70.   He was buried in the Mt. Pleasant Cem. in Mt. Pleasant, NJ.   His wife Permelia (29) went to live with her daughter Orpha (64) in Little York, NJ.   She died on July 14, 1868 at the age of 81 years & is buried next to her husband and her parents in the Mt. Pleasant Cem.   They had 9 children.

62.  Stevenson Runyan  -  b. 1805, d. Nov 25, 1842
63.  Laraine Runyan  -  b.ca. 1806, d. ??
64.  Orpha Runyan  -  b. 1808, d. 1881
65.  Clarissa Runyan  -  b.ca. 1810, d. ??
66.  Stanford Runyan  -  b. 1812, d. Jun 28, 1820
67.  Oakley Runyan  -  b. Jul 20, 1813, d. Dec 7, 1895
68. *Alvah Runyan  -  b. Dec 13, 1816, d. Nov 24, 1872
69.  Sylvester Hill Runyan  -  b. 1818, d. Mar 22, 1855
70.  Clarkson D. Runyan  -  b. 1824, d. Jul 16, 1852

Family Notes:   All of the children are believed to be born in Kingwood Township, NJ.   Stevenson (62) married "Mary _____" & is known to have two children - Jon Stanford & Emma Runyan, who both died the same year as their father, 1842.   It is believed that they all three are buried in the same plot at Mt. Pleasant Cem.   It is also believed that they all died from tuberculosis, which was in epidemic scale during this time.   Laraine (63) married a "Hoppock" & lived in Little York & had children.   Orpha (64) cared for her mother, Permelia, after her fathers death & evidently never married.   She is interred at Mt. Pleasant next to brothers Alvah (61) & Oakley (60).   Clarissa (65) married "Thomas Kitchen" & lived in Little York & had children.   Stanford (66) died at the age of 8 & is believed to have also died from tuberculosis, like his brother Stevenson (62).   Stanford (66) was interred in Baptistown Cem, Baptistown, NJ & is the only child of Johnson interred there.   Oakley (60) married "Elizabeth _____" & had children.   They owned a farm in Mt. Pleasant, NJ on the road east, just above the cemetery.   He was the co-executor of his fathers will with this brother Alvah (68).   He is also known to be interred in Mt. Pleasant Cem.   Sylvester (69) was never married & is buried in plot 108 of the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery.   Clarkson (70) married, but no name is known.   He died the same year as his father & is buried there with him at Mt. Pleasant Cem.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Johnson Runyan"   -   "Permelia (Mettler) Runyan (29)"   -   "Stevenson Runyan (62)"   -   "Emma Runyan"
"Orpha Runyan (64)"   -   "Clarissa Runyan Kitchen (65)"   -   "Thomas Kitchen"   -   "Stanford Runyan (66)"
"Oakley Runyan (67)"   -   "Elizabeth Runyan"   -   "Sylvester Hill Runyan (69)"   -   "Clarkson D. Runyan (70)"



Isaac Bloom, (36)

      Isaac, (36) was born the 1st son of William, Sr. and Mary Ann Mettler Bloom (17) on August 10, 1780 in Alexandria Twp., Hunterdon Cty, New Jersey.  He married "Sarah Apgar" who was born in Hunterdon County, NJ. on May 25, 1787 the daughter of Frederick Apgar and Elizabeth Philhower Apgar.
      Isaac (36) passed away on February 8, 1859 in Clearfield, Clearfield County, PA. and was interred in the McClure Cemetery in Curwensville, Pa.  Sarah passed away on September 11, 1868 and was interred next to her husband.  Together they had 13 known children.

71.  Catherine Bloom  -  b. 1804, d. ??
72.  Elizabeth Bloom  -  b. Nov 28, 1805, d. ??
73.  William Lorenzo Bloom  -  b. July 17, 1807, d. Oct 20, 1842
74.  John Bloom  -  b. Feb 1, 1809, d. ??
75.  Mary Bloom  -  b. Sep 10, 1810, d. ??
76.  Benjamin Bloom  -  b. Jun 4, 1812, d. ??
77.  James Apgar Bloom  -  b. Mar 9, 1814, d. ??
78.  Nancy Jane Bloom  -  b. 1816, d. ??
79.  Priscilla E. Bloom  -  b. Oct 9, 1818, d. ??
80.  Eleanor Bloom  -  b. Jul 1, 1820, d. ??
81.  Caroline Bloom  -  b. 1823, d. ??
82.  George Apgar Bloom  -  b. Mar 26, 1825, d. ??
83.  Jeniza Bloom  -  b. Apr 30, 1828, d. ??
Family Notes:   All the children are believed to have been born in Pike Twp., Clearfield County, PA.  William (73) married "Hannah Conklin Bloom".  It is unknown if they had any children.  No information is available on the other children.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Isaac Bloom (36)"   -   "Sarah Apgar Bloom"   -   "William Lorenzo Bloom (73)"   -   "Hannah Conklin Bloom"



James Bloom, (45)

      James, (45) was born the last child and last son of William, Sr. and Mary Ann Mettler Bloom (17) on February 28, 1798 in Alexandria Twp., Hunterdon Cty, New Jersey.  He was married however his wife's name and dates are currently unknown.
      James (45) passed away on September 18, 1866 in Clearfield, Clearfield County, PA. and was interred in the McClure Cemetery in Curwensville, Pa.  He and his wife had 11 known children.

  94.  William Mettler Bloom  -  b. Nov 21, 1819, d. ??
  95.  Emily Bloom  -  b. Apr 24, 1821, d. ??
  96.  Maria J. Bloom  -  b. Aug 24, 1822, d. Jul 12, 1825
  97.  Elizabeth Bloom  -  b. Sep 26, 1824, d. ??
  98.  Abram P. Bloom  -  b. Jul 21, 1826, d. ??
  99.  Lewis I. Bloom  -  b. Jul 15, 1828, d. ??
100.  Susanna Bloom  -  b. Oct 2, 1830, d. ??
101.  Gainor P. Bloom  -  b. Jun 8, 1834, d. ??
102.  Mary Ann Bloom  -  b. Nov 23, 1836, d. ??
103.  Jemima D. Bloom  -  b. Feb 28, 1839, d. ??
104.  Martha C. Bloom  -  b. Jun 12, 1841, d. ??
Family Notes:   All the children are believed to have been born in Curwinsville, PA  No other information is available on the children.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"James Bloom (45)"   -   "Maria J. Bloom (102)"



Elizabeth Mettler, (54)

      Elizabeth, (54) was born the daughter of Joseph (28) and Mary Allen Mettler on May 10, 1816 in Hunterdon County, NJ. She married "Andrew Bray Rittenhouse" in 1832 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. He was born the son of Edward Rittenhouse and Elizabeth Bray Rittenhouse on November 22, 1807.
      Andrew's occupations included: 1841-1845 postmaster of Baptistown Post Office, Baptistown, Kingwood Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ, occupation 1844 Kingwood store keeper, occupation 1851-1853 freeholder of Delaware Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ, occupation 1853 Director of Board of Freeholders, occupation 1860 farmer, occupation 1862-1863 freeholder of Delaware Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ, occupation 1865-1869 Clerk of Hunterdon Co, NJ, occupation 1870 retired farmer
      Andrew passed away on September 22, 1872 and was interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, NJ. Elizabeth (54) Febuary 22, 1887 and was interred next to her husband. They had 7 children.

105.  Wilson M. Rittenhouse  -  b. 1833, d. ??
106.  Amy M. Rittenhouse  -  b. Apr 6, 1834, d. May 10, 1858
107.  Dewitt Clinton Rittenhouse  -  b. Oct 11, 1836, d. ??
108.  Joseph M. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1837, d. abt. 1838
109.  Joseph M. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1839, d. ??
110.  Mary M. Rittenhouse  -  b. Aug, 1841, d. 1920
111.  James M. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1842, d. abt. 1849

Family Notes:   Mary (110) married William J. Rounsavell" on November 9, 1870 in her parent's home and they didn't have any children.was never married and is interred in the Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Alexandria Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Elizabeth Mettler Rittenhouse (54)"   -   "Andrew Bray Rittenhouse"
"William J. Rounsavell"   -   "Mary M. Rittenhouse Rounsavell (110)"



Samuel Besson Mettler, (58)

      Samuel (58) was born the son of Joseph (28) and Mary Allen" in 1831 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. He married "Elizabeth Worman" on January 1, 1853 in the St. James (Straw) Lutheran Church, Greenwich, Warren, NJ. She was born on July 12, 1832. Her parent's names are currently unknown. In the 1860 census they were residing in Phillipsburg, NJ.
      The date of Samuel's (58) death or where he is interred is currently unknown. Elizabeth passed away on January 21, 1912 and her place of interrment is also unknown. She was noted as residing at Still Valley, Warren Co., NJ. in later years. They had 2 known children.

112.  Arabel Mettler  -  b. 1854, d. ??
113. *Howard Mettler  -  b. Jun 7, 1857, d. Dec. 3, 1899

Family Notes:   Nothing further is know about Arabel (71).



Alvah Runyan, (68)

      The family and descendants of Alvah Runyan (68) are all displayed in the:
"Runyan Family History"
where he is shown as #61 in that family tree!



Wilson M. Rittenhouse, (105)

      Wilson, (105) was born the son of Andrew Bray Rittenhouse and Elizabeth Mettler Rittenhouse (54) in 1833 in Hunterdon County, NJ. He married "Martha J. Post" in 1856 in New York. She was born in 1836 in New York, parent's names unknown.
      Wilson's occupations included: 1860 laborer, 1870 farmer, 1877 Commissioner of Deeds for Delaware Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ, and in 1880 was a school teacher.
      The dates that Wilson (105) and Martha passed away are currently unknown as is where they are interred. They had 6 children.

130.  Sarah S. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1857, d. ??
131.  Hadoram Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1858, d. ??
132.  Mary E. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1862, d. ??
133.  Amy B. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1867, d. ??
134.  George B. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1872, d. ??
135.  Martha E. Rittenhouse  -  b. abt. 1876, d. 1920

Family Notes:   Nothing further is known of the children.



Amy M. Rittenhouse, (106)

      Amy, (106) was born the daughter of Andrew Bray Rittenhouse and Elizabeth Mettler Rittenhouse (54) on April 6, 1834 in Hunterdon County, NJ. She married "John Bellis" on November 27, 1853 in the Locktown Christian Church, Locktown, Delaware Twp, Hunterdon Co, NJ,. John was born on January 8, 1828 most likely in New Jersey. His parent's names are currently unknown.
      John worked as a Store Owner from 1852-1893 in Locktown, NJ and was also worked as the first postmaster of Locktown, NJ.
      Amy (106) passed away on May 10, 1858 from possibly child birth complications. She was interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. John passed away on February 2, 1907 and was also interred in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. They had 2 children.

136.  Andrew R. Bellis  -  b. ??, d. ??
137.  Mary Bellis  -  b. 1858, d. May, 1858

Family Notes:   Mary (137) was 5 months old when she passed away. Nothing further is known of Andrew (136).

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Amy M. Rittenhouse Bellis (106)"   -   "John Bellis"



Howard Mettler, (112)

      Howard (112) was born the 2nd child and only son of Samuel Besson (58) and Elizabeth (Worman) Mettler in June 7, 1857 in Hunterdon County, NJ. He was married however his wife's name and dates are currently unknown.
      Howard (112) passed away on December 3, 1899 and was interred in the Saint James Lutheran Cemetery, Greenwich Township, Warren County, NJ. They had 3 known children together.

114.  Elsie Mettler  -  b. abt. 1877, d. ??
115.  Ethel Mettler  -  b. abt. 1879, d. ??
116.  Henry Mettler  -  b. abt. 1880, d. ??

Family Notes:   All three children were born in Bridgewater, Somerset County, NJ. Nothing further is known about them at this time.

View Online Memorial For (click on name):
"Howard Mettler (112)"


" No other Mettler Family Members are known at this time! "


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Created by Russell Stout Pickett in: January, 2003
This page last updated:  Wednesday, December 16, 2009